The Beijing-Shanghai high speed railway represents a milestone in the Chinese railway history linking China's two most important cities, Beijing and Shanghai. Also known as the Jinghu high-speed railway, the 1318 km long railway runs through seven provinces and urban areas - Beijing, Hebei, Jiangsu, Shandong, Tianjin, Anhui and Shanghai and also connects two main economic zones in the People's Republic of China, the Yangtze River Delta and the Bohai Sea Rim.
The Beijing to Shanghai train will ease the pressure on the current railways between the two cities and improve the journey times. Around one-quarter of the Chinese population lives in the cities along the Beijing-Shanghai route and this railway line will help the domestic economic growth as well as the growth of the tourism industry.
The construction work of Beijing-Shanghai line started on April 18, 2008 and the track laying began on July 19, 2010. There are 24 stations on the line which include Beijing South, Tianjin South, Zaozhuang, Nanjing South and many others. There are two speeds of services on the line, 250km/h and 300km/h. For completing the whole journey from Beijing to Shanghai, the 250km/h train takes under 8 hours and 300km/h train takes under 5 hours.
Some of the innovations in the tunnel design will allow the trains running at a speed of 350km/h encounter each other safely in the tunnel. Also, world's first six-lines, high-speed railway bridge has been constructed, the Dashengguan bridge in Nanjing which allows to trains to pass through at a speed of 300km/h.
Earlier the railway industry in China faced difficulties in meeting the transportation demands on the line. With this new rail, the rail traveling capability between Shanghai and Beijing will be enhanced and tourists can now reach all the major provincial capitals in China by train.